Important Things To know About Mirena IUDs

Mirena IUDs are one of the most common intrauterine devices (IUDs). They are hormonal IUDs that offer long-term protection from pregnancy. Once you have Mirena coil private fitting in London, you don't need maintenance and do not have to worry about the device daily.

How do Mirena IUDs work?

Mirena IUDs are small T-shaped medical devices inserted into the uterus by a medical expert. This IUD releases a synthetic hormone called progestin to help prevent pregnancy. Once you have your healthcare provider insert a Mirena IUD, it releases small amounts of the hormone, which thickens the cervical mucus and thins the uterine lining. The hormone released prevents easy movement of the sperm to the egg for fertilisation to occur. These effects include the following.

  • It prevents the ovary from releasing an egg
  • It alters the uterine lining, making it difficult for a fertilised egg to get implanted in the uterus.
  • Thickens the mucus in the cervix to prevent sperm from entering into the cervix to fertilise an egg

Why should you get Mirena?

Once you insert a Mirena IUD, you won't need to worry about pregnancy for the next five years. This IUD is more than 99% effective while in place. Mirena IUDs offer long-term protection,which makes them perfect for people who do not want to get pregnant now but hope to conceive in the future. After you Insert a Mirena IUD, you don't have to visit your doctor regularly for maintenance.

How can I get Mirena IUD?

You can get a Mirena IUD the same way you get any other IUD. You would first have a consultation and then get a prescription for the device before the IUD insertion appointment. Your healthcare provider will explain the steps involved in fitting the device during the consultation, and you can ask questions concerning the device and your health.

What are the benefits of using a Mirena IUD?

Mirena IUDs have a success rate of about 99.6%,which is one of its main benefits. If your device is in place, you are sure of almost a 100% protection against pregnancy. When you insert a Mirena IUD, it requires little or no maintenance. However, medical experts recommend a follow-up appointment within 4 – 6 weeks of insertion. After this, you may need to check the device once every month by checking for the two strings attached to the device.

Mirena IUDs can make periods lighter and stop monthly bleeding after the first few months of insertion. This makes Mirena IUDs a perfect contraceptive for women who experience heavy periods,intense pain and cramping during their periods. The period reducing the effect of Mirena IUD is also beneficial to women who experience anaemia.

The long-term protection Mirena provides eliminates the need to prepare for sexual intercourse. You don't need to worry about using a condom first or taking birth control pills every day, and you can remove it when you are ready for pregnancy.

After you remove a Mirena IUD, your ability to conceive returns within a short while and you can have it re-inserted a short period after you have a child. You may need to get a confirmation from your healthcare provider for re-inserting a Mirena IUD while breastfeeding.

Unlike other hormonal IUDs, Mirena IUDs can treat heavy periods, and it protects for up five years.

The contraceptive benefits of Mirena IUDs include the following

  • No side effects such as the increased risk of having blood clots like other birth controls that contain oestrogen
  • Easy to remove at any time
  • Fertility returns after removal
  • Breastfeeding does not affect its use
  • Can remain in place and stop the occurrence of pregnancy for about five years
  • Does not need your partner to do anything

Non-contraceptive benefits of Mirena IUDs

  • Reduced risk of having endometriosis, a condition characterised by the growth of uterine tissues outside the uterus
  • Reduces the risk of pelvic infection
  • Reduces intense menstrual pain

The benefits of Mirena makes it suitable for the following women who have the following.

  • Endometriosis
  • Painful periods
  • Fibroids
  • Abnormal growth of the uterine lining such as endometrial hyperplasia and adenomyosis
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding

What are the downsides of IUDs?

IUDs are generally safe and effective, but they have a few downsides, which include:

  • Painful, heavier, or longer periods for the first few months
  • Pelvic infection if an infection occurs during the IUD insertion
  • Offer no protection against STDs
  • Uncommon side effects like bleeding and pain

The additional risks of IUDs include:

  • Pelvic infection

You may be at a high risk of having a pelvic infection within the first 20 days of the IUD insertion. Before inserting the IUD, the doctor will check if you have an infection to reduce the risk of pelvic infection.

  • Thrush

An IUD may increase the risk of recurring thrush. You will have to visit your doctor if you experience recurring thrush.

  • Womb damage

In rare cases, the IUD perforates the womb during insertion. Sometimes, it causes pain and, in other cases, no symptoms. The risk of perforation is low if an experienced nurse or doctor inserts the IUD. Ensure you contact your doctor for an IUD removal if you experience pain.

  • Rejection

In a few cases, the womb rejects and expels the IUD, but this usually happens a short while after the IUD insertion.

  • Ectopic pregnancy

There is a small risk of having an ectopic pregnancy if an IUD fails and you get pregnant.

What are the downsides of Mirena IUD?

Mirena IUDs have a few downsides like other IUDs. There is a small risk of having an ectopic pregnancy and perforation of the cervix or uterine wall, leading to infection like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Mirena IUDs release progestin in the body, which causes some side effects, such as headaches, changes in blood pressure, and swelling of the ankles, feet, and face.

Mirena only prevents pregnancy, so you may have to get another means of preventing pregnancy if you are not in a committed relationship and have an increased risk of contracting an STD.

Inserting a Mirena IUD takes only a few minutes, but some women find the procedure painful and may need to take the day off to rest, which some people cannot afford. Mirena IUDs may puncture the uterus during insertion, but this rarely happens. There is also a small risk of partial or complete expulsion of the device.

What are the side effects of Mirena?

The common side effects of Mirena IUDs include:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Ace
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Breast tenderness
  • Headache
  • Mood changes

Maintenance of IUD

Mirena IUDs require low maintenance and no need to worry about incorrect use or forgetting to use it.  However, you need to check your device every month to know if it is in place. You may have to remove the IUD in the following cases.

  • Pain during sex
  • Pelvic infection
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Endometrial or cervical cancer
  • Severe migraine
  • Exposure to STIs
  • Endometritis (inflammation of the uterine lining)

Inserting a Mirena IUD

You will have an evaluation before your Mirena IUD insertion, and you can get your IUD:

  • After terminating a pregnancy
  • After delivery
  • Anytime during your menstrual cycle

After inserting a Mirena IUD, you can take a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication like ibuprofen to relieve the pain. After the seventh day from when your period starts, if you insert a Mirena IUD, ensure you use another contraceptive for about a week as a backup.

If you want to have a Mirena coil fitted, ensure you visit Gynae UK. You can contact us on 020 7183 0692 to schedule an appointment for your Mirena IUD consultation.

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